Brucellosis in humans (undulant fever, Gibraltar fever) is a zoonotic infectious sickness that primarily affects the cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, nervous, and also reproductive system. Micro-organisms that cause this illness were firstly identified in 1886 by Englishman Bruce. From his name, the disease was called "brucellosis." With inadequate brucellosis treatment, the sickness becomes chronic. Sometimes with significant lesions of the musculoskeletal system, the patient can be incapacitated. Forecast for life under brucellosis is mostly favorable. In pregnant female individuals, this sickness provokes abortion, stillbirth and preterm delivery.
There are several ways of brucellosis carrying including
The sources of infection are brucellosis in cattle, goats, sheep and pigs. This sickness is most common in livestock regions, particularly in the Central Asian countries. The infection enters the body through abrasions in the skin, mucous membranes of the respiratory ways and digestive system without causing changes in the entrance gate. Further, the microorganisms are carried to the organs, forming granuloma there. The illness has a long clinical course and a tendency to the chronic process.
The main symptoms of brucellosis are
The illness has no specific symptoms at whole. However, the patients bring such basic complaints as
Diagnosis of this infectious sickness is generally based on history, clinical presentation and other laboratory tests. Perform bacteriological research by seeding of lymph nodes, bone marrow and blood. It is widely used the serological diagnostics, aimed at the identification of specific antibodies in the blood of patients. Burne test is applied very often. This brucellosis test is an intradermal allergy trial to assess sensitizing of organism to infection.
After a doctor makes a diagnosis based on the test results, it can assign the complex medical cure of this illness, which may generally include the following medicaments such as
The vaccine against brucellosis is low effectively. Physical therapy and health resort treatment are mostly used usually in the chronic form of brucellosis. Since brucellosis has tendency to become chronic, monitoring of patients is making during two years after recovery. There are humans changes in the genitals often lead to infertility in female individuals and reduced sexual function in men with chronic forms of brucellosis. After a while the infection gradually goes into remission, but leaves behind irreversible changes in the musculoskeletal system. For this reason, patients with chronic brucellosis (diagnosis of the sickness must be carried out only by experienced physicians) are generally required hospitalization and adequate treatment, which reduces the risk of disability.
The prevention of infection is chiefly aimed at reducing the morbidity of domestic animals and the brucellosis cattle and right way cooking of meat and other food. For this purpose, specialists carry out the sanitary and veterinary measures, in which the causative agent of brucellosis dies almost always. Specific prevention includes in using of brucellosis vaccines. They regularly do not only to animals, but also livestock workers and other professions involved in the processing of meat or processing of skins and furs.